Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board Bios
Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
Member Bios (April 2014)
ROBERT C. DYNES, CHAIR
Robert C. Dynes, Ph.D., (NAS) was the 18th president of the University of California (UC) and is now a professor of physics at UC Berkeley and UC San Diego, where he directs a laboratory that focuses on superconductivity. Dr. Dynes served as chancellor of UC San Diego from 1996 to 2003 after six years in the physics department, where he founded an interdisciplinary laboratory in which chemists, electrical engineers, and private industry researchers investigated the properties of metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Prior to joining the UC faculty, he had a 22-year career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and material physics research and director of chemical physics research. Dr. Dynes received the 1990 Fritz London Award in Low Temperature Physics, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1989, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He serves on the executive committee of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness. A native of London, Ontario, Canada, and a naturalized U.S. citizen, Dr. Dynes holds a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics and an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Western Ontario, and master's and doctorate degrees in physics and an honorary doctor of science degree from McMaster University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from L’Université de Montréal.
BARBARA J. MCNEIL, VICE-CHAIR
Barbara J. McNeil, M.D., Ph.D., (IOM) is the Ridley Watts Professor and was the founding Head of the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School in 1988. She was one of the first women professors in the quad at HMS. She is also a Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School and at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. She continues to practice nuclear medicine one day a week at BWH. She was interim dean of Harvard Medical School in summer, 2007.
Dr. McNeil received her A.B. degree from Emmanuel College, her M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School, and her Ph.D. degree from Harvard University. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. McNeil is also a member of the Blue Cross Technology Evaluation Commission; she formerly chaired the Medicare Evidence Development Coverage Advisory Committee (MedCAC), and she is now a member of that committee. She currently chairs the Science Board of the FDA. She serves as an advisor for several other federal and private organizations. Dr. McNeil formerly served on the Publications Committee of the New England Journal of Medicine as well as on the Prospective Payment Assessment Commission. Dr. McNeil’s original career involved research in decision analysis and cost-effective analysis. More recently, her work has focused on quality of care and technology assessment. Her research involves relationships with payers, providers and the federal government. Her largest ongoing study compares quality of care in the VA system with that in the private setting for patients with cancer. For several years she coordinated several large studies comparing the value of alternative imaging modalities for patients with cancer.
JOHN S. APPLEGATE
John S. Applegate, J.D., is Vice President for Planning and Policy of Indiana University and Walter W. Foskett Professor of Law in the Indiana University Maurer School of Law. He teaches and has written extensively in the fields of environmental law, regulation of chemicals and hazardous wastes, international environmental law, risk assessment, and the management of radioactive waste. From 1993-1998, he chaired the Fernald Citizens Advisory Board at the Department of Energy’s Fernald facility in Ohio, and he served on the DOE Environmental Management Advisory Board from 1994-2001. He has participated in several National Research Council studies as committee member or reviewer. Professor Applegate served as Indiana University’s first Presidential Fellow from 2007-2008; in 2008, he was appointed Vice President for Planning and Policy, with responsibilities for strategic planning and university-wide academic coordination, public safety, and environmental safety and health. A member of the American Law Institute, Professor Applegate has taught at the University of Paris 2 (Panthéon-Assas) and University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, and been a research fellow at Cardiff University. Before moving to Indiana, he was the James B. Helmer, Jr., Professor of Law at the University of Cincinnati College of Law, and was a visiting professor at Vanderbilt University Law School. He was a judicial law clerk for the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and an attorney in private practice in Washington, D.C. Professor Applegate received his B.A. in English from Haverford College in 1978 and his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1981.
DAVID J. BRENNER
David J. Brenner, Ph.D., is the Higgins Professor of Radiation Physics at Columbia University, as well as director of the Center for Radiological Research, director of the Radiological Research Accelerator Facility, and principal investigator of the Center for High-Throughput Minimally-Invasive Radiation Biodosimetry. His research focuses on developing mechanistic models for the effects of ionizing radiation on living systems, both at the chromosomal and the animal (or human) levels. He studies the effects of high doses of ionizing radiation (relating to radiation therapy) and the effects of low doses of radiation (relating to medical, environmental, and occupational exposures) on humans. In the field of medical imaging, he has focused on the risk/benefit balance of the higher-dose imaging techniques, particularly computed tomography (CT). In the field of radiotherapy, he has focused on optimizing fractionation schemes for different tumor types, to maximize tumor killing and minimize serious side effects; this includes modeling the mechanisms of radiotherapy-induced second cancers with the goal of reducing second cancer risks. Dr. Brenner is the author of two books on radiation for the lay person: "Making the Radiation Therapy Decision" and "Radon, Risk and Remedy." Additionally, he has published more than 200 papers in the peer-reviewed scientific literature. He was the recipient of the 1991 Radiation Research Society Annual Research Award and the 1992 NCRP Award for Radiation Protection in Medicine. He received his Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Surrey (UK) and holds an honorary D.Sc. degree from Oxford University. He was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Health Risks of Exposure to Radon (BEIR VI) - Phase II and has served as a co-organizer and/or participant in the NRSB’s Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium on radiation health effects.
MARAGARET S.Y. CHU
Margaret S.Y. Chu, Ph.D., is the managing director of M. S. Chu + Associates LLC, a consulting service to domestic and international clients in nuclear waste management, nuclear fuel cycle analysis, nuclear security analysis, and research and development. Her entire career has been devoted to promoting safe nuclear energy and nuclear fuel cycle. She has extensive experience in successfully managing large, multidisciplinary projects and in negotiating with customers, regulators and stakeholders. She has over 20 years experience serving at Sandia National Laboratories serving in several capacities, including Director of the Nuclear Waste Management Program Center, Manager of the Environmental Risk Assessment and Waste Management Department, and Deputy Manager of the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) and Technical Integration Department. In 2002, she was appointed by President George W. Bush as director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, which is responsible for developing the nation’s waste disposal system for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. She has authored nearly 50 publications and has received numerous awards, including in 2005 the Secretary of Energy’s Gold Award, the Department of Energy’s highest honor, and Team Lead of the Lockheed Martin Nova Award (1998). She holds a B.S. degree from Purdue University in chemistry and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in physical (quantum) chemistry.
MICHAEL L. CORRADINI
Michael L. Corradini, Ph.D., (NAE) is chair and professor in the Department of Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Corradini's research focus is nuclear engineering and multiphase flow with specific interests that include light water reactor safety, fusion reactor design and safety, waste management and disposal, vapor explosions research and molten core concrete interaction research, and energy policy analysis. He is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Engineering Education, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. Dr. Corradini has received numerous awards including the National Science Foundation's Presidential Young Investigators Award, the American Nuclear Society reactor safety best paper award, and the University of Wisconsin, Madison, campus teaching award. He is the author of over 100 technical papers and has served on various technical review committees, including the research review panel of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Dr. Corradini was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1998. He received his B.S.degree in mechanical engineering from Marquette University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
TISSA H. ILLANGASEKARE
Tissa H. Illangasekare, Ph.D., presently holds the AMAX Chair of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Colodaro School of Mines and is also the founding Director of the University/Industry/National Laboratory collaborative Center for the Experimental Study of Subsurface Environmental Processes (http://cesep.mines.edu). He has more than 35 years of research and academic experience. His research interests are in numerical modeling of saturated and unsaturated flow in porous media, surface-subsurface interaction, arid-zone hydrology, integrated modeling of hydrologic systems, flow in snow and arctic hydrology, subsurface chemical transport and multiphase flow, environmental impacts of energy development, buried threat detection, sensor technologies for environmental monitoring, CO2 sequestration, and land-atmospheric interaction modeling. He has served on four NRC panels, two of which were under this Board. He also has conducted research at DOE's Rocky Flats that contributed to its closure efforts. He has published many book chapters and close to 280 technical articles in journals and proceedings. He is a Board Certified Environmental Engineer (BCEE) and a Diplomate of the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers (DWRE). He received an Honorary Doctorate in Natural Science and Technology from the University of Uppsala in Sweden in 2010 and is the recipient of European Geosciences Society’s 2012 Henry Darcy Medal given in recognition of outstanding scientific contributions in water resources research and water resources engineering and management. He has served on four NRC panels, two of which were under this Board. He also has conducted research at DOE's Rocky Flats that contributed to its closure efforts
CAROL M. JANTZEN
Carol M. Jantzen, Ph.D., is a consulting scientist with the Savannah River National Laboratory. Her research spans vitreous, crystalline ceramic, mineral, and cementitious waste form development, processing, and characterization in both the U.S. and Europe. She has also developed waste form durability tests, techniques, and standards for the stabilization of high level, hazardous, and mixed (radioactive and hazardous) wastes, including mining wastes. In 2008 she won the Wendell Weart Lifetime Achievement Award in nuclear waste management for more than three decades of outstanding contributions to nuclear waste management. She is a fellow, past president, and distinguished life member of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Jantzen received a Ph.D. degree in materials science and engineering from the State University of New York at Stony Brook with a specialization in glass chemistry, glass decomposition mechanisms, and glass durability. Her postdoctoral research was in cement stabilization of U.S. and U.K. wastes in the Department of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. Dr. Jantzen served on the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Astronomy and was a member of the NRSB’s Committee on Waste Forms Technology and Performance.
ANNIE B. KERSTING
Annie B. Kersting, Ph.D., is director of the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Kersting is an expert in isotope geochemistry and environmental chemistry. Her current research focuses on geochemical mechanisms that control actinide transport in the soil and groundwater, with special interest in how nanoparticles facilitate transport of contaminants in both saturated and unsaturated systems. She served as a scientific advisor on the Actinide Migration Committee for Rocky Flats from 2000-2003. She received a B.A. degree in geology from the University of California, Berkeley, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan, both in geochemistry.
MARTHA S. LINET
Martha Linet, M.D., M.P.H., is board certified in internal medicine and general preventive medicine. She was an asociate professor at The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health before joining the National Cancer Instituter (NCI) in 1987, where she is chief of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch. Dr. Linet received the NIH Director's Award for outstanding research and was elected to the American Epidemiological Society and the Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars. She is on the Editorial Board of the American Journal of Epidemiology and served as president of the American College of Epidemiology from September 2004 to September 2005. She is currently a member of the National Commission on Radiation Protection's Committee on Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Radiation to the Gonads, Embryo, and Fetus. She previously served on the Advisory Group on Cancer and the Environment to the American Cancer Society. She also served as NCI liaison to the Committee on Environmental Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics and on the Standing Committee on Epidemiology of the International Commission on non-Ionizing Radiation Protection. Dr. Linet is author of the book, The Leukemias: Epidemiologic Aspects, an internationally recognized text in the field. She received an M.D. from Tufts University and an M.P.H. from The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
FRED A. METTLER, JR.
Dr. Fred A. Mettler, Jr., M.D.,M.P.H., is professor emeritus and former chair of the Department of Radiology at the University of New Mexico, School of Medicine. He is currently in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Service at the New Mexico VA Medical Center. He graduated with an M.D. degree from Thomas Jefferson University, an M.P.H. from Harvard University, and completed his residency in radiology and nuclear medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Mettler has authored over 300 scientific publications, including 18 books, and holds 4 patents. He is currently the United States representative to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, an emeritus commissioner of the International Commission on Radiation Protection, and a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection.
NANCY JO NICHOLAS
Nancy Jo Nicholas has worked at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) since 1990 and currently holds the title of Principal Director of Strategic Outcomes. She has oversight of the Nonproliferation, Treaty Verification, Arms Control, and Nuclear Forensics programs at LANL. She is also a founding member of the Board of Directors of WINS – the Vienna-based World Institute for Nuclear Security. She is a Fellow of the Institute for Nuclear Materials Management (INMM), the premiere international professional society for nonproliferation, arms control, nuclear security and international safeguards, and recently served a two-year term as president. Nicholas recently served on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles and the Defense Science Board Task Force on the Assessment of Nuclear Treaty Monitoring. She earned a B.S. in mathematics and physics from Albright College and a Masters degree in experimental nuclear physics from George Washington University.
LAWRENCE T. PAPAY
Lawrence T. Papay, Ph.D., (NAE), is a nationally recognized authority in engineering, science, and technology. He is currently CEO and principal of PQR, LLC, a management consulting firm specializing in managerial, financial, and technical strategies for a variety of clients in electric power and other energy sectors. His previous positions include sector vice president for the Integrated Solutions Sector of SAIC, where he was responsible for business dealing with the integration of energy, environmental, and energy technologies for governmental and commercial clients worldwide; senior vice president and general manager of Bechtel Technology & Consulting, where he was responsible for monitoring new technologies and developing new businesses, principally in the energy sector; and senior vice president at Southern California Edison, where he had a variety of responsibilities over a 21-year career including research and development, engineering, power operations, power generation, nuclear power, system planning, and general administrative functions. Dr. Papay currently serves on the Department of Energy’s Environmental Management Advisory Board and he previously served on DOE’s Energy Research Advisory Board and the Laboratory Operations Board, the Department of Homeland Security’s S&T Advisory Committee, and the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Dr. Papay received a B.S. degree in physics from Fordham University and M.S. and Sc.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1987 and is registered Professional Engineer (Nuclear) in California.
DANIEL O. STRAM
Daniel O. Stram, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. He received his Ph.D. in statistics from Temple University in 1983 and served as a postdoctoral fellow in the Biostatistics Department of the Harvard School of Public Health from 1984 to 1986. From 1986 to 1989 he was a research associate at RERF in Hiroshima, Japan. Dr. Stram’s main areas of research are in the statistical problems that arise in the design, analysis, and interpretation of epidemiological studies of cancer and other diseases. His work on radiation epidemiology studies includes (1) helping to characterize the statistical nature of errors in dose estimates for the atomic bomb survivor study, (2) developing a multilevel variance components model for the dosimetry used in the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort for the purpose of better understanding dose and dose rate effects in those data, and (3) characterizing study power and sample size issues in epidemiologic studies in which a complex dosimetry system is used to estimate radiation dose. Besides the field of radiation epidemiology, his past and current research has focused on statistical issues relevant to clinical trials of treatment for pediatric cancer, nutritional epidemiology studies, and to studies of the genetics of complex diseases. He is an elected fellow of the American Statistical Association and has authored or co-authored over 200 peer-reviewed articles. Dr. Stram has served on several National Research Council Committees. His most recent service was on the NRSB’s Committee on the Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities – Phase 1.
RICHARD J. VETTER
Richard J. Vetter, Ph.D., is emeritus professor of biophysics, emeritus radiation safety officer, and emeritus director of safety for Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Vetter served on the Purdue University faculty from 1970 to 1980, and his research examines the dosimetry and biological effects of ionizing radiation and their implications for radiation protection, in particular radiation protection in medicine. Dr. Vetter is past editor-in-chief of the Health Physics Journal, past president of the Health Physics Society, past president of the American Academy of Health Physics, and author or coauthor of more than 230 journal articles, book chapters, and technical reports. He is a past member of the Radiation Advisory Committee, Science Advisory Board of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Advisory Committee for Medical Use of Isotopes of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and board of directors of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and is distinguished emeritus member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in biology from South Dakota State University and his Ph.D. degree in health physics from Purdue University.
SERGEY VLADIMIROVICH YUDINTSEV
Sergey Vladimirovich Yudintsev, Ph.D., is a specialist in the field of scientific basis for management of radioactive waste derived in the nuclear fuel cycle. He is Head of the Laboratory of Radiogeology and Radiogeoecology at the Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry Russian Academy of Sciences (IGEM RAS) where he has been involved in research on geochemical-mineralogical aspects of radioactive waste disposal problems, searching for new matrices for isolation of long-lived radionuclides of actinides and fission products (technetium). In his career at RAS he has worked as a researcher and principal scientist studying the issue of safe and sustainable development of nuclear energy, including problems of minor actinides transmutation and the thorium-fuel cycle. He has cooperated on research with the Institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Moscow Scientific and Industrial Association—SIA “Radon", Moscow and Saint-Petersburg State Universities, and with Russian state non-profit organizations under Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, including the Khlopin Radium Institute, Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (RIAR), Bochvar All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Inorganic Materials (VNIINM)，All-Russia Research Institute of Chemical Technology (VNIIChT) and the Leipunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE). Additionally, he has performed joint research with the University of Michigan for over 10 years. Dr. Yudintsev has published more than 230 papers in Russian and international journals, and chapters in books, presented at international conferences, and participated in joint meetings and workshops of Russian and American experts, such as the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) and Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) workshops. Dr. Yudintsev received his undergraduate degree in geochemistry from Moscow State University in 1981 and his Ph.D. in 1989 and a D.Sc. in 2009 from IGEM RAS. In 2011, he was elected as a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.