Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board Bios
Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
Member Bios (December 2012)
JAY C. DAVIS, CHAIR
Jay C. Davis, Ph.D., is president of the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation, which supports innovative young leaders in the applied sciences and engineering fields. He previously worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory until his retirement in 2002, where served as the first national security fellow at the Center for Global Security Research. He also served as the founding director of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). At LLNL, he founded the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, creating the world's most versatile AMS laboratory for archaeology, the geosciences, toxicology and oncology, and biological and nuclear forensics. His current interests are homeland defense, nuclear and biological forensics, applications of accelerator technologies to multi-disciplinary research, counterforce technologies, and strategic planning and management of change in organizations. Dr. Davis has over 80 publications on research in nuclear physics, nuclear instrumentation, plasma physics, accelerator design and technology, nuclear analytical techniques and analytical methods, and treaty verification technologies. He holds patents on spectrometer technologies and methods for low-level dosimetry of carcinogens and mutagens and for the study of metabolic processes. He was a scientific advisor to the UN Secretariat and served as an inspector for UNSCOM after the First Gulf War, playing a technical and operational role in the discovery, understanding, and destruction of the covert Iraqi nuclear weapons program. For his contributions to national security during his tenure at DTRA, he was twice awarded the Distinguished Public Service Medal, DoD's highest civilian award. Dr. Davis received his SA and MA degrees in physics from the University of Texas and his PhD degree in physics from the University of Wisconsin.
BARBARA J. MCNEIL, VICE-CHAIR
Barbara J. McNeil, M.D., Ph.D., (IOM) is the Ridley Watts Professor and was the founding Head of the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School in 1988. She was one of the first women professors in the quad at HMS. She is also a Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School and at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. She continues to practice nuclear medicine one day a week at BWH. She was interim dean of Harvard Medical School in summer, 2007.
Dr. McNeil received her A.B. degree from Emmanuel College, her M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School, and her Ph.D. degree from Harvard University. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. McNeil is also a member of the Blue Cross Technology Evaluation Commission; she formerly chaired the Medicare Evidence Development Coverage Advisory Committee (MedCAC), and she is now a member of that committee. She currently chairs the Science Board of the FDA. She serves as an advisor for several other federal and private organizations. Dr. McNeil formerly served on the Publications Committee of the New England Journal of Medicine as well as on the Prospective Payment Assessment Commission. Dr. McNeil’s original career involved research in decision analysis and cost-effective analysis. More recently, her work has focused on quality of care and technology assessment. Her research involves relationships with payers, providers and the federal government. Her largest ongoing study compares quality of care in the VA system with that in the private setting for patients with cancer. For several years she coordinated several large studies comparing the value of alternative imaging modalities for patients with cancer.
JOHN S. APPLEGATE
John S. Applegate, J.D., is Vice President for Planning and Policy of Indiana University and Walter W. Foskett Professor of Law in the Indiana University Maurer School of Law. He teaches and has written extensively in the fields of environmental law, regulation of chemicals and hazardous wastes, international environmental law, risk assessment, and the management of radioactive waste. From 1993-1998, he chaired the Fernald Citizens Advisory Board at the Department of Energy’s Fernald facility in Ohio, and he served on the DOE Environmental Management Advisory Board from 1994-2001. He has participated in several National Research Council studies as committee member or reviewer. Professor Applegate served as Indiana University’s first Presidential Fellow from 2007-2008; in 2008, he was appointed Vice President for Planning and Policy, with responsibilities for strategic planning and university-wide academic coordination, public safety, and environmental safety and health. A member of the American Law Institute, Professor Applegate has taught at the University of Paris 2 (Panthéon-Assas) and University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, and been a research fellow at Cardiff University. Before moving to Indiana, he was the James B. Helmer, Jr., Professor of Law at the University of Cincinnati College of Law, and was a visiting professor at Vanderbilt University Law School. He was a judicial law clerk for the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and an attorney in private practice in Washington, D.C. Professor Applegate received his B.A. in English from Haverford College in 1978 and his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1981.
DAVID J. BRENNER
David J. Brenner, Ph.D., is the Higgins Professor of Radiation Physics at Columbia University, as well as director of the Center for Radiological Research, director of the Radiological Research Accelerator Facility, and principal investigator of the Center for High-Throughput Minimally-Invasive Radiation Biodosimetry. His research focuses on developing mechanistic models for the effects of ionizing radiation on living systems, both at the chromosomal and the animal (or human) levels. He studies the effects of high doses of ionizing radiation (relating to radiation therapy) and the effects of low doses of radiation (relating to medical, environmental, and occupational exposures) on humans. In the field of medical imaging, he has focused on the risk/benefit balance of the higher-dose imaging techniques, particularly computed tomography (CT). In the field of radiotherapy, he has focused on optimizing fractionation schemes for different tumor types, to maximize tumor killing and minimize serious side effects; this includes modeling the mechanisms of radiotherapy-induced second cancers with the goal of reducing second cancer risks. Dr. Brenner is the author of two books on radiation for the lay person: "Making the Radiation Therapy Decision" and "Radon, Risk and Remedy." Additionally, he has published more than 200 papers in the peer-reviewed scientific literature. He was the recipient of the 1991 Radiation Research Society Annual Research Award and the 1992 NCRP Award for Radiation Protection in Medicine. He received his Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Surrey (UK) and holds an honorary D.Sc. degree from Oxford University. He was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Health Risks of Exposure to Radon (BEIR VI) - Phase II and has served as a co-organizer and/or participant in the NRSB’s Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium on radiation health effects.
Margaret S.Y. Chu
Margaret S.Y. Chu, Ph.D., is the managing director of M. S. Chu + Associates LLC, a consulting service to domestic and international clients in nuclear waste management, nuclear fuel cycle analysis, nuclear security analysis, and research and development. Her entire career has been devoted to promoting safe nuclear energy and nuclear fuel cycle. She has extensive experience in successfully managing large, multidisciplinary projects and in negotiating with customers, regulators and stakeholders. She has over 20 years experience serving at Sandia National Laboratories serving in several capacities, including Director of the Nuclear Waste Management Program Center, Manager of the Environmental Risk Assessment and Waste Management Department, and Deputy Manager of the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) and Technical Integration Department. In 2002, she was appointed by President George W. Bush as director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, which is responsible for developing the nation’s waste disposal system for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. She has authored nearly 50 publications and has received numerous awards, including in 2005 the Secretary of Energy’s Gold Award, the Department of Energy’s highest honor, and Team Lead of the Lockheed Martin Nova Award (1998). She holds a B.S. degree from Purdue University in chemistry and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in physical (quantum) chemistry.
MICHAEL L. CORRADINI
Michael L. Corradini, Ph.D., (NAE) is chair and professor in the Department of Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Corradini's research focus is nuclear engineering and multiphase flow with specific interests that include light water reactor safety, fusion reactor design and safety, waste management and disposal, vapor explosions research and molten core concrete interaction research, and energy policy analysis. He is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Engineering Education, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. Dr. Corradini has received numerous awards including the National Science Foundation's Presidential Young Investigators Award, the American Nuclear Society reactor safety best paper award, and the University of Wisconsin, Madison, campus teaching award. He is the author of over 100 technical papers and has served on various technical review committees, including the research review panel of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Dr. Corradini was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1998. He received his B.S.degree in mechanical engineering from Marquette University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
PATRICIA J. CULLIGAN
Patricia J. Culligan, Ph.D., is professor of civil engineering and engineering mechanics at Columbia University and the Vice Dean of Academic Affairs for Columbia Engineering. Her research focuses on applying geoengineering principles to understand and control the migration of contaminants from waste disposal sites. She studies the behavior of miscible contaminants and nonaqueous phase liquids and colloids in soil and fractured rock and the effectiveness of in situ remediation strategies for the cleanup of waste sites. She also has interest and experience in the design of land-based disposal sites for waste materials. Dr. Culligan has received numerous awards, including MIT's Arthur C. Smith Award for Undergraduate Service (1999), the National Science Foundation Career Award (1999) and Columbia University’s Presidential Award for Outstanding Teaching (2007). She is also the author or coauthor of more than 80 journal articles, book chapters, and refereed conference papers. Dr. Culligan has a Ph.D. degree in civil engineering from Cambridge University, England. She has served on several National Research Council committees.
ROBERT C. DYNES
Robert C. Dynes, Ph.D., (NAS) was the 18th president of the University of California (UC) and is now a professor of physics at UC Berkeley and UC San Diego, where he directs a laboratory that focuses on superconductivity. Dr. Dynes served as chancellor of UC San Diego from 1996 to 2003 after six years in the physics department, where he founded an interdisciplinary laboratory in which chemists, electrical engineers, and private industry researchers investigated the properties of metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Prior to joining the UC faculty, he had a 22-year career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and material physics research and director of chemical physics research. Dr. Dynes received the 1990 Fritz London Award in Low Temperature Physics, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1989, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He serves on the executive committee of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness. A native of London, Ontario, Canada, and a naturalized U.S. citizen, Dr. Dynes holds a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics and an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Western Ontario, and master's and doctorate degrees in physics and an honorary doctor of science degree from McMaster University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from L’Université de Montréal.
Hedvig Hricak (IOM) is Chairman of the Department of Radiology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. She holds a senior position within the Program of Molecular and Pharmacology Therapeutics at the Sloan-Kettering Institute. She is a Professor at Gerstner Sloan-Kettering Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and is a Professor of Radiology at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University. She earned her MD degree from the University of Zagreb and her Dr. Med. Sc. from the Karolinska Institute. In 2005 she was awarded an honorary doctorate in medicine (Dr.h.c.) from Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, Germany. She has helped develop applications in ultrasound, MR, and CT for gynecological cancers as well as MR and MR spectroscopy for prostate cancer. She continues to investigate diagnostic methods for cancer detection, staging, and management and is involved in developing clinical approaches for molecular imaging of cancer. She was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2002. In recognition of her career accomplishments, she has received the Marie Curie Award of the American Association of Women Radiologists (2003), the gold medals of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (2003) and the Association of University Radiologists, the Béclère medal of the International Society of Radiology (2007), the Morocco Medal of Merit (2008), and the Katarina Zrinska Croatian presidential award (2009).
THOMAS H. ISAACS
Thomas H. Isaacs has an extensive background in science policy and work experience directly relevant to issues at the intersection of energy security, national security, and waste management and to the U.S. and other repository programs in particular. He is a member of of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory working on issues of strategic significance. He was the lead advisor of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future. Before joining LLNL in 1996, he held a variety of positions within the U.S. Department of Energy, including executive director of the Department of Energy's Advisory Committee on External Regulation of DOE Nuclear Safety, and director of Strategic Planning and International Programs, and deputy director of the Office of Geologic Repositories for the department's radioactive waste program. Mr. Isaacs also served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Building a Long-Term Environmental Quality Research and Development Program in the U.S. Department of Energy. He advises nuclear and waste management organizations in a number of countries. Mr. Isaacs received a B.S. degree in chemical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.S. degree in engineering and applied physics from Harvard University.
CAROL M. JANTZEN
Carol M. Jantzen, Ph.D., is a consulting scientist with the Savannah River National Laboratory. Her research spans vitreous, crystalline ceramic, mineral, and cementitious waste form development, processing, and characterization in both the U.S. and Europe. She has also developed waste form durability tests, techniques, and standards for the stabilization of high level, hazardous, and mixed (radioactive and hazardous) wastes, including mining wastes. In 2008 she won the Wendell Weart Lifetime Achievement Award in nuclear waste management for more than three decades of outstanding contributions to nuclear waste management. She is a fellow, past president, and distinguished life member of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Jantzen received a Ph.D. degree in materials science and engineering from the State University of New York at Stony Brook with a specialization in glass chemistry, glass decomposition mechanisms, and glass durability. Her postdoctoral research was in cement stabilization of U.S. and U.K. wastes in the Department of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. Dr. Jantzen served on the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Astronomy and was a member of the NRSB’s Committee on Waste Forms Technology and Performance.
ANNIE B. KERSTING
Annie B. Kersting, Ph.D., is director of the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Kersting is an expert in isotope geochemistry and environmental chemistry. Her current research focuses on geochemical mechanisms that control actinide transport in the soil and groundwater, with special interest in how nanoparticles facilitate transport of contaminants in both saturated and unsaturated systems. She served as a scientific advisor on the Actinide Migration Committee for Rocky Flats from 2000-2003. She received a B.A. degree in geology from the University of California, Berkeley, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan, both in geochemistry.
MARTHA S. LINET
Martha Linet, M.D., M.P.H., is board certified in internal medicine and general preventive medicine. She was an asociate professor at The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health before joining the National Cancer Instituter (NCI) in 1987, where she is chief of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch. Dr. Linet received the NIH Director's Award for outstanding research and was elected to the American Epidemiological Society and the Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars. She is on the Editorial Board of the American Journal of Epidemiology and served as president of the American College of Epidemiology from September 2004 to September 2005. She is currently a member of the National Commission on Radiation Protection's Committee on Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Radiation to the Gonads, Embryo, and Fetus. She previously served on the Advisory Group on Cancer and the Environment to the American Cancer Society. She also served as NCI liaison to the Committee on Environmental Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics and on the Standing Committee on Epidemiology of the International Commission on non-Ionizing Radiation Protection. Dr. Linet is author of the book, The Leukemias: Epidemiologic Aspects, an internationally recognized text in the field. She received an M.D. from Tufts University and an M.P.H. from The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
FRED A. METTLER, JR.
Dr. Fred A. Mettler, Jr., M.D.,M.P.H., is professor emeritus and former chair of the Department of Radiology at the University of New Mexico, School of Medicine. He is currently in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Service at the New Mexico VA Medical Center. He graduated with an M.D. degree from Thomas Jefferson University, an M.P.H. from Harvard University, and completed his residency in radiology and nuclear medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Mettler has authored over 300 scientific publications, including 18 books, and holds 4 patents. He is currently the United States representative to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, an emeritus commissioner of the International Commission on Radiation Protection, and a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection.
BORIS F. MYASOEDOV
Boris F. Myasoedov, Ph.D., is president of the Russian Scientific Council on Radiochemistry, and vice-president of the Scientific Council on Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences. He works in the fields of radiochemistry and analytical chemistry and has developed several methods and techniques of concentration, separation, isolation, and determination of radioactive nuclides and different toxicants using solvent extraction, sorption, coulometry, spectrophotometry, and electrochemistry. He currently heads a project on monitoring and remediation of the areas around Mayak—a Russian plutonium production facility—and other contaminated areas in Russia. In the Vernadsky Institute, Dr. Myasoedov has served as senior scientist, head of the laboratory of radiochemistry, and deputy director of the Institute. He has also served as deputy secretary general for science of the Russian Academy of Science. In 1986 Dr. Myasoedov was awarded the State Prize for his work on the chemistry of the transplutonium elements and in 2001 he was awarded the Prize of the Russian Government for development of system of instruments for environmental monitoring. He was elected as a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1994. He is the author of over 450 publications. Dr. Myasoedov received his M.Sc. degree in 1953 from Mendeleyev Chemico-Technological College and received his Ph.D. degree in 1965 and full doctor of chemistry degree in 1975 from the Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, USSR Academy of Sciences.
LAWRENCE T. PAPAY
Lawrence T. Papay, Ph.D., (NAE), is a nationally recognized authority in engineering, science, and technology. He is currently CEO and principal of PQR, LLC, a management consulting firm specializing in managerial, financial, and technical strategies for a variety of clients in electric power and other energy sectors. His previous positions include sector vice president for the Integrated Solutions Sector of SAIC, where he was responsible for business dealing with the integration of energy, environmental, and energy technologies for governmental and commercial clients worldwide; senior vice president and general manager of Bechtel Technology & Consulting, where he was responsible for monitoring new technologies and developing new businesses, principally in the energy sector; and senior vice president at Southern California Edison, where he had a variety of responsibilities over a 21-year career including research and development, engineering, power operations, power generation, nuclear power, system planning, and general administrative functions. Dr. Papay currently serves on the Department of Energy’s Environmental Management Advisory Board and he previously served on DOE’s Energy Research Advisory Board and the Laboratory Operations Board, the Department of Homeland Security’s S&T Advisory Committee, and the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Dr. Papay received a B.S. degree in physics from Fordham University and M.S. and Sc.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1987 and is registered Professional Engineer (Nuclear) in California.
DANIEL O. STRAM
Daniel O. Stram, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. He received his Ph.D. in statistics from Temple University in 1983 and served as a postdoctoral fellow in the Biostatistics Department of the Harvard School of Public Health from 1984 to 1986. From 1986 to 1989 he was a research associate at RERF in Hiroshima, Japan. Dr. Stram’s main areas of research are in the statistical problems that arise in the design, analysis, and interpretation of epidemiological studies of cancer and other diseases. His work on radiation epidemiology studies includes (1) helping to characterize the statistical nature of errors in dose estimates for the atomic bomb survivor study, (2) developing a multilevel variance components model for the dosimetry used in the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort for the purpose of better understanding dose and dose rate effects in those data, and (3) characterizing study power and sample size issues in epidemiologic studies in which a complex dosimetry system is used to estimate radiation dose. Besides the field of radiation epidemiology, his past and current research has focused on statistical issues relevant to clinical trials of treatment for pediatric cancer, nutritional epidemiology studies, and to studies of the genetics of complex diseases. He is an elected fellow of the American Statistical Association and has authored or co-authored over 200 peer-reviewed articles. Dr. Stram has served on several National Research Council Committees. His most recent service was on the NRSB’s Committee on the Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities – Phase 1.
RICHARD J. VETTER
Richard J. Vetter, Ph.D., is emeritus professor of biophysics, emeritus radiation safety officer, and emeritus director of safety for Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Vetter served on the Purdue University faculty from 1970 to 1980, and his research examines the dosimetry and biological effects of ionizing radiation and their implications for radiation protection, in particular radiation protection in medicine. Dr. Vetter is past editor-in-chief of the Health Physics Journal, past president of the Health Physics Society, past president of the American Academy of Health Physics, and author or coauthor of more than 230 journal articles, book chapters, and technical reports. He is a past member of the Radiation Advisory Committee, Science Advisory Board of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Advisory Committee for Medical Use of Isotopes of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and board of directors of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and is distinguished emeritus member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in biology from South Dakota State University and his Ph.D. degree in health physics from Purdue University.