Board Member Biographies


Larry A. Mayer, Chair is the Director of the School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering, the Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping, Co-Director of the Joint Hydrographic Center, and Professor of Earth Science and Ocean Engineering at the University of New Hampshire. His research interests include sonar imaging, remote characterization of the seafloor, and advanced applications of 3-D visualization to ocean mapping challenges. Dr. Mayer received his Ph.D. from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in marine geophysics in 1979, and graduated magna cum laude with an Honors degree in geology from the University of Rhode Island in 1973. At Scripps his future path was determined when he worked with the Marine Physical Laboratory’s Deep-Tow Geophysical package, but applied this sophisticated acoustic sensor to study the history of climate. Dr. Mayer has participated in more than 90 cruises and has been chief or co-chief scientist of numerous expeditions, including two legs of the Ocean Drilling Program. He has served on, and chaired many international panels and committees and has the requisite large number of publications on a variety of topics in marine geology and geophysics. He is the recipient of the Keen Medal for Marine Geology, an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Stockholm, the University of New Hampshire's and the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography's Distinguished Alumni Award. Dr. Mayer served on the President’s Panel for Ocean Exploration and chaired the 2004 National Research Council’s Committee on National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting.  In 2013, he chaired the National Academy of Sciences committee on the “Impacts of Deepwater Horizon on the Ecosystem Services of the Gulf of Mexico.” 


E. Virginia Armbrust is the Director and a Professor of Oceanography at the University of Washington. Dr. Armbrust earned her B. A. from Stanford University and her Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Her research focuses on marine phytoplankton, a group of microbes responsible for about 40% of the total amount of photosynthesis that occurs on our planet. These organisms play a critical role in the global carbon cycle and ultimately in the global climate.  Her research addresses the response of marine microbial communities to changing environmental conditions, including changes in biodiversity.  She combines physiology, genomic and computational approaches with instrument development to understand the distribution, capabilities and interactions among marine microbes. She heads the Center for Environmental Genomics at the University of Washington, which brings together researchers with expertise in oceanography, microbiology, genomics, engineering, and data visualization. She is a Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Investigator in Marine Microbiology and Fellow of AAAS and the American Society of Microbiology.


Kevin Arrigo is Donald & Donald M. Steel Professor in Earth Sciences, Victoria and Roger Sant Co-Directorship of the Earth Systems Program, at Stanford University where he has been on the faculty since 2005. He conducts laboratory and field studies, remote sensing, and computer modeling techniques to understand phytoplankton dynamics in regions ranging from the Southern Ocean to the Red Sea. In particular, he is interested in the role these organisms play in regulating the uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide by the ocean, as well as in how they help structure marine ecosystems. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Southern California in 1992 and served as a member of the NRC Committee on A Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board.


Claudia Benitez-Nelson currently serves as Director of the Marine Science Program and is a College of Arts & Sciences Distinguished Professor in the Department of Earth & Ocean Sciences at the University of South Carolina.  Her research focuses on the biogeochemical cycling of phosphorus and carbon and how these elements are influenced by both natural and anthropogenic processes.  She is a diverse scientist, with expertise ranging from radiochemistry to harmful algal bloom toxins. Over the past decade, Dr. Benitez-Nelson has authored or co-authored more than 75 papers. Her many research honours include the Early Career Award in Oceanography from the American Geophysical Union in 1996 and she was named a Rising Star at the University of South Carolina in 2010.  She is also highly regarded as a teacher and mentor, having received the National Faculty of the Year Award from the National Society of Collegiate Scholars in 2005 and the University of South Carolina’s Mungo Teaching Award in 2006. Dr. Benitez-Nelson currently serves or has served as an elected Councillor of the Oceanography Society, an elected at-Large member of ASLO, as a member of the Advisory Committee to the Geoscience Directorate of NSF, the EPA Science Advisory Board, and the Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group.  Dr. Benitez-Nelson earned a B.S. in chemistry and oceanography from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute/Massachusetts Institute of Technology Joint Program.


 Rita R. Colwell (NAS) serves as the Chief Science Advisor of Gentag, Inc. Dr. Colwell is the Founder, Director, President and Chief Executive Officer of CosmosID, Inc. She serves as Scientific Advisor of Avestha Gengraine Technologies Pvt. Ltd. She serves as the Senior Advisor and Chairman Emeritus of Canon U. S. Life Sciences, Inc. She is the Distinguished University Professor both at the University of Maryland  at College Park and at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing worlds. She serves as a Trustee of J. Craig Venter Institute, Inc. She serves as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board of Avesthagen Limited. She served as the Member of Science Advisory Board at Climos, Inc. Dr. Colwell served as the 11th Director of the National Science Foundation from 1998 to 2004. In her capacity as NSF Director, she served as Co-chair of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council. One of her major interests include K-12 science and mathematics education, graduate science and engineering education and the increased participation of women and minorities in science and engineering. Dr. Colwell has held many advisory positions in the U.S. Government, nonprofit science policy organizations, and private foundations, as well as in the international scientific research community. She is a nationally-respected scientist and educator, and has authored or co-authored 16 books and more than 700 scientific publications. She produced the award-winning film, Invisible Seas, and has served on editorial boards of numerous scientific journals. Dr. Colwell has previously served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Academy of Microbiology and also as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Society for Microbiology, the Sigma Xi National Science Honorary Society, and the International Union of Microbiological Societies. Dr. Colwell is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, the Royal Society of Canada, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.  Dr. Colwell holds a B.S. in Bacteriology and an M.S. in Genetics from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington.


Sarah Cooksey is currently the Administrator of the Delaware Coastal Programs where she is responsible for both the coastal zone management program and the Delaware National Estuarine Research Reserve. She coordinates with federal, state and local governments on coastal resource issues such as tidal and freshwater wetlands, energy policy, non-point source pollution, coastal hazards, essential fish habitat, ocean planning, biodiversity, sustainable development, and dredging issues. Recent accomplishments include developing environmental indicators for the health of the coastal zone, and expanding public facilities and land holdings at the Reserve. Ms. Cooksey is on the executive council of the Coastal States Organization. CSO represents the Governors of thirty-five coastal states, island and territories on national, regional and local coastal management issues, particularly coastal legislation. She is past President of the Coastal States Stewardship Foundation, a 501(3) (c) formed to assist state governments with pressing coastal management issues and Chair of  Management Board of MARCO – the Mid-Atlantic  Regional Council of the Ocean – a five state initiative to focus on offshore issues related to renewable energy, water quality, habitat protection and climate change adaptation. Prior to her work in the State of Delaware she spent several years in EPA's Office of Water in Washington DC working with states on water issues. Sarah has a Master of Science degree in Biology and enjoys spending time at the beach with her husband and two sons, bird watching and gardening.


Cortis K. Cooper currently is a Fellow with Chevron Energy Technology Company, one of 22 Chevron scientists who advise corporate managers about science-related issues. Over his 30-yr career in the offshore Industry, he has focused on quantifying winds, waves, and currents that are used by engineers to operate and design offshore facilities at various locations around the world.   His research has included the study of oil spill fates; modeling hurricane alleys in the Gulf of Mexico;  forecasting  the Loop Current and associated eddies in the Gulf of Mexico; modeling sea level in the Caspian Sea; measuring riverine and turbidity currents in the Congo Canyon; supervising the development of ocean current models in the Gulf of Mexico, W Africa, NE Atlantic and NW Australia; leading a 32-company joint industry project (JIP) to improve ocean towing; and leading a 24-company JIP to investigate the fate of oil and gas from deepwater blowouts. Dr. Cooper was a member of the 2003 National Research Council’s Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, the 2007 NRC review of the JSOST ocean research plan, and previously served as a member of the Ocean Studies Board from 1999 to 2001. He earned a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of Maine in 1987, and a M.Sc. and B.S. in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977 and 1975, respectively.


James A. Estes (NAS) is a professor of ecology and marine biology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He is an internationally known expert on marine mammals and a specialist in the critical role of apex predators in the marine environment. He has conducted field research in Alaska, California, Canada, Mexico, New Zealand, and Russia and has published more than 150 scientific articles, several books and monographs, and has served on the editorial boards for a variety of professional societies. He is a Pew Fellow in marine conservation, a Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received the Western Society of Naturalists’ Lifetime Achievement Award in 2011 and the American Society of Mammalogists’ C. Hart Merriam Award in 2012. Dr. Estes received his Ph.D. in biology/statistics from the University of Arizona. He served on the Committee on the Alaska Groundfish Fishery and Steller Sea Lions and is currently a member of the Committee on Cumulative Effects of Human Activities on Marine Mammal Populations.


David Halpern is a Senior Research Scientist at the NASA/California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He analyses satellite and in-situ observations to improve understanding of coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate phenomena, such as El Nino and La Nina, intertropical convergence zone, monsoon, and wind-driven ocean upwelling.  He developed techniques to record in-situ observations of near-surface meteorological and upper-ocean circulation variables in both shallow and deep-sea environments.  He is experienced in: ocean circulation and ocean-atmosphere interaction research (more than 300 publications with 50 single- or first-author peer-review papers); managing national and international programs; teaching graduate and undergraduate courses (Caltech, UCLA, UW); participating in numerous committees (20 as chair or co-chair, 9 as member of executive board, and 45 as member); and enjoying many at-sea adventures as chief scientist.  Dr. Halpern had the privilege to serve in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and NASA's Earth Science Division.  At OSTP, he co-founded the National Science and Technology Council Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology and Task Group on Global Earth Observations.  One of his major interests is enhanced integrated global ocean and atmosphere observations and large-scale process-oriented experiments to improve the accuracy of predictions of the global integrated Earth system.  Dr. Halpern was co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations Science and Technology Committee and currently serves as co-chair of the GEO Data Sharing Working Group.  He served two terms on the NRC TOGA Panel.  He was editor of Geophysical Research Letters and is editor of Eos.  Currently, he represents the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites, serves on the JCOMM Task Team for Satellites, is chair of the COSPAR Task Group on GEO, and represents the United States in the United Nations Bureau for the World Ocean Assessment.  He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, California Academy of Sciences, and International Academy of Astronautics.  Dr. Halpern received a B.Sc. honors degree in Geology and Physics from McGill University and a Ph.D. in physical oceanography from MIT.


Patrick Heimbach is an associate professor at the University of Texas at Austin with tenure in the Department of Geological Sciences, and with joint appointments in the Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences (ICES), the Jackson School for Geosciences (JSG), and the Institute for Geophysics (UTIG). At ICES he is the fellow of the W. A. “Tex” Moncrief, Jr., endowed chair III in Simulation-Based Engineering and Sciences. Previously, he worked for 16 years in the physical oceanography group at MIT’s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences (EAPS), most recently as Senior Research Scientist and Visiting Associate Professor. He earned his Ph.D. in 1998 from the Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology and the University of Hamburg, Germany, working with Prof. Klaus Hasselmann on global ocean surface wave remote sensing and modeling.


Susan E. Humphris is a Senior Scientist in the Department of Geology and Geophysics and Director of the Earth-Ocean Exploration Institute at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Humphris earned a Ph.D. in chemical oceanography in 1977 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program. She taught undergraduates and served as Dean at the Sea Education Association for 13 years before returning to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Her research focuses on volcanic and tectonic controls on the distribution and characteristics of hydrothermal activity at mid-ocean ridges, the geochemistry of rock-water interactions, and the role of the associated hydrothermal fluxes in global geochemical mass balances. From 1996 to 1998, Dr. Humphris was Chair of the Science Committee for the International Ocean Drilling Program. She served on three NRC committees to review the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program; the Earth Scope Science Objectives and Implementation Planning; and Exploration of the Seas.


Bonnie J. McCay (NAS) is Board of Governors Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Human Ecology, School of Environmental & Biological Sciences, Rutgers University. Her research and teaching have focused on challenges and policies for managing common pool resources such as fish and shellfish, with particular attention to intersections of ecology, community, and social institutions of science, law and property. She has done field research in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, Canada, in the Middle Atlantic region of the U.S., and in Baja California, Mexico. Her books include The Question of the Commons, Oyster Wars and the Public Trust, and Enclosing the Commons. She currently serves on numerous editorial boards and on the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Council. She received her Ph.D. in environmental anthropology from Columbia University.  Dr McCay has served on numerous study committees for the Ocean Studies Board.


S. Bradley Moran is Dean of the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences and Professor of Oceanography at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.  Prior to his appointment as Dean, he served as Acting Director of the Obama Administration’s National Ocean Council, Assistant Director for Ocean Sciences in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and Program Director in the Chemical Oceanography Program at the National Science Foundation.  He focused on implementing federal ocean science policy and facilitating interagency efforts and partnerships on a broad range of ocean policy, resource, economic, and national security matters.  In his previous academic position as Professor of Oceanography in the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island, he served as Co-Director of the Rhode Island NSF Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research and as Assistant Vice President for Research at the University of Rhode Island.  Dr. Moran’s principal research interests include the application of uranium-series and artificial radionuclides as tracers of marine geochemical processes, and fostering economic development partnerships in energy and environmental research, technology, policy, and education. In 2007, he envisioned and implemented the nation’s first Masters of Business Administration-Masters of Oceanography dual degree, the “Blue MBA”.  He is currently an editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Editorial Board member of the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering and the Journal of Marine Research.  Dr. Moran is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership and a member of the Board of Directors the Alaska Ocean Observing System. Dr. Moran earned a B.Sc. in chemistry from Concordia University, a Ph.D. in oceanography from Dalhousie University, and conducted postdoctoral research at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.  


Steven A. Murawski is Peter R. Betzer Endowed Chair of Biological Oceanography at the University of South Florida.  He was previously the Director of Scientific Programs and Chief Science Advisor for NOAA Fisheries Service.  He received his Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.  Dr. Murawski is a fisheries biologist and marine ecologist involved in understanding the impacts of human activities on the sustainability of ocean ecosystems. He has developed approaches for understanding the impacts of fishing on marine fish complexes exploited in mixed-species aggregations. His current areas of interest include understanding the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem in terms of multiple, simultaneous stressors through the application of integrated ecosystem assessments.  Such assessments can help inform investments to rebuild the Gulf of Mexico from effects of the BP oil spill, loss of juvenile nursery areas, nutrient enrichment, overfishing and other factors.  Dr. Murawski is Director of The Center for Integrated Modeling and Analysis of Gulf Ecosystem (C-Image) at USF.


John A. Orcutt (NAE) is a Distinguished Professor of Geophysics at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He has published more than 160 scientific papers and received the Ewing Medal from the USN and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 1994. He received the Newcomb-Cleveland Prize from the AAAS in 1983 and in 2007 he received the Marine Technology Society’s Lockheed Martin Award for Ocean Science and Technology. He served as the President of the 65,000-member American Geophysical Union (AGU) from 2004-2006. He is a Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanography Chair. His research interests include the exploitation of information technology for the collection and processing of real-time environmental data as well as marine and continental seismology and geophysics. He is the Principal Investigator for the NSF MRE-FC Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) Cyberinfrastructure Implementing Organization. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2002 and the National Academy of Engineering in 2011. He received his Bachelors degree in mathematics and physics from Annapolis (1966), his M.Sc. in physical chemistry as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Liverpool (1968), and his Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (1976). He Chaired the NRC’s review of the NOAA Tsunami Warning System and the Ocean Panel of the Climate, Energy and National Security (CENS) Committee. He is also Chair of the MEDEA Ocean Panel and just completed a review of hydroacoustics monitoring by the UN’s Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in the Indian Ocean. He is a charter member of the Ocean Studies Board and is the PI of a BP research institute at Scripps, which began in 2004.


H. Tuba Özkan-Haller earned her B.S. in Civil Engineering at Boğaziçi University in Istanbul, Turkey, and her M.C.E. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering at the University of Delaware. After a 1-year postdoctoral fellowship with the University of Cantabria in Spain, she first joined the faculty of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering at the University of Michigan for 3 years before arriving at the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, where she is now a Professor.  Her interests include numerical, analytical, and laboratory investigations of the water and sediment motions in the nearshore ocean including the inner continental shelf, beaches, and inlets. She has helped develop and apply wave prediction and wave-induced surf zone circulation models, utilized these models to gain a better understanding of dominant processes, led laboratory studies aimed at validating the resulting models, and has also taken part in several related field studies. Recently, she has also conducted research into the potential effects of wave energy conversion devices on the surrounding wave field, and has gotten more interested in interdisciplinary research involving topics such as oxygen consumption in the nearshore ocean, larval transport, and societal issues related to coastal communities. She is the recipient of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Young Investigator Award, the Outstanding Faculty member Award at the University of Michigan, and the Patullo Award for Excellence in Teaching at Oregon State University.


Martin D. Smith is the Dan and Bunny Gabel Associate Professor of EnvironmentalEconomics at Duke University in the Nicholas School of the Environment and in the Department of Economics. He is chair of Duke’s Master of Environmental Management Program in Environmental Economics and Policy. Smith has a BA in Public Policy from Stanford University and a PhD in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis. Smith is the editor of the journal Marine Resource Economics, a member of the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council, and a past co-editor and current editorial board member of the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Smith studies the economics of marine and coastal resources with a focus on fisheries, marine ecosystems, and beaches. He has written on a range of policy-relevant topics, including economics of marine reserves, seasonal closures in fisheries, ecosystem-based management, catch shares, nutrient pollution, aquaculture, genetically modified foods, the global seafood trade, organic agriculture, and coastal responses to climate change. He is best known for identifying unintended consequences of marine and coastal policies that ignore human behavioral feedbacks. Smith’s methodological interests span micro-econometrics, optimal control theory, time series analysis, and numerical modeling of coupled human-natural systems. Smith’s published work appears in scholarly journals that span economics, general interest science, fisheries and marine science, and the geosciences. Smith has received national and international awards, including the Quality of Research Discovery from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Outstanding Article in Marine Resource Economics, and an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowship. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, and the Research Council of Norway.


Margaret Spring is Vice President of Conservation and Science at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.  Prior to joining the Aquarium in April 2013, Margaret served first as Chief of Staff, and then Principal Deputy Under Secretary of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), where she worked closely with the NOAA Administrator, NOAA senior leadership and the Department of Commerce to develop and drive strategic priorities with a particular focus on external constituents, interagency initiatives, and administration priorities.  From 2007 to 2009, Margaret was Director of The Nature Conservancy’s California Coastal and Marine Program.  Before moving to the Conservancy, Margaret served as Senior Counsel, then General Counsel, to the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, where she focused on crafting legislation and ensuring oversight on topics including fisheries conservation and management; coastal zone management; marine sanctuaries; coastal and atmospheric science; climate change; weather; satellite systems; mapping, and other federal ocean and atmospheric programs.  A graduate of Duke University School of Law and Dartmouth College, Margaret was an environmental, attorney at Sidley & Austin in Washington, D.C. from 1992 to 1999.


Don Walsh (NAE) is President of the Oregon-based consulting company, International Maritime Incorporated (IMI), which he founded in 1976.  From 1950 to 1975 he was in the US Navy, retiring as a Captain.  Seagoing service was in submarines, including command.  After retirement, from 1975-1983, he was a professor of ocean engineering at the University of Southern California and founding director of their Institute for Marine and Coastal Studies.Over the past three decades IMI has completed consulting projects in 22 nations.  Walsh has had over 200 papers and articles published, and edited five books on ocean-related subjects.  Over the past 35 years, his lecturing activities have taken him to 64 nations where he has given more than 1,500 lectures, TV and radio appearances.  Since 1994 he appeared in more than two dozen television programs on ocean topics.  Dr. Walsh was educated at the Naval Academy; he earned a Ph.D. and M.S. in oceanography from Texas A&M University in 1968 and 1967, respectively and a MA in political science from San Diego State University in 1969. In 2001, Walsh was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering.


Douglas Wartzok is Provost, Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, and Professor of Biology at Florida International University.  He received a B.A. in Physics and Mathematics from Andrews University, a M.S. in Physics from the University of Illinois, and a Ph.D. in Biophysics (Neurophysiology) from the Johns Hopkins University.  He has been a faculty member and academic administrator at Johns Hopkins University, Purdue University, University of Missouri-St. Louis, and Florida International University.  His research on marine mammals has taken him from the Arctic Ocean to Antarctica to study seals, whales and walrus.  He, along with his colleagues and graduate students have developed acoustic tracking systems for studying polar seals under the ice, and radio and satellite tracking systems for studying whales. His research focuses on behavioral and physiological ecology of marine mammals; sensory systems involved in under-ice navigation by seals; and psychophysiological studies of captive marine mammals. For the past decade he has been involved in the issue of the effects of naval anti-submarine warfare sonar on marine mammals, in particular beaked whales. For eight years he edited Marine Mammal Science and is now Editor Emeritus.  He recently served as Chairman of the Committee of Scientific Advisors, U.S. Marine Mammal Commission. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on “Assessing Ambient Noise in the Ocean with Regard to Potential Impacts on Marine Mammals,” and chaired the National Academy of Sciences Committee on “Determining Biological Significance of Marine Mammal Responses to Ocean Noise.”


Lisa D. White is Director of Education and Outreach at the University of California, Museum of Paleontology (UCMP) and Adjunct Professor of Geology at San Francisco State University (SFSU). Past positions held at SFSU include Professor of Geology, Chair of Geosciences, and Associate Dean of the College of Science and Engineering.  Dr. White has extensive experience with science outreach programs for urban students and she is active in efforts to increase diversity in the geosciences. A micropaleontologist by training and Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences and the Geological Society of America (GSA), she was the inaugural recipient of the GSA Bromery Award for Minorities, an honor bestowed upon a geoscientist who has been instrumental in opening the geoscience field to other minorities. As the Principal Investigator of the SF-ROCKS (Reaching Out to Communities and Kids with Science in San Francisco) and SF-METALS (Minority Education through Teaching and Learning in the Sciences) programs, Dr. White trains and guides underrepresented minority students in wide-ranging geoscience learning experiences. As the education director at the UCMP, she develops and disseminates learning materials on evolution and the Earth’s biota, global climate change, and the nature and process of science. Dr. White holds degrees from San Francisco State University (B.A. in Geology, 1984) and the University of California at Santa Cruz (Ph.D. in Earth Sciences, 1989).


Robert (Bob) S. Winokur has 55 years of experience in marine science and satellite remote sensing and retired as a long-time senior executive in May 2013 after 47 years federal service. His most recent position in the federal government was Deputy Oceanographer of the Navy and Deputy/Technical Director for Oceanography, Space and Maritime Domain Awareness, within the office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Prior positions include Assistant Administrator for Satellite and Information Services and Acting Director, National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; acting Oceanographer of the Navy and various senior executive positions in the Navy and the private sector, including in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the Office of Naval Research, President, Earth Satellite Corporation and Vice President, Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education. He is currently a senior advisor and consulting on ocean and space policy and programs.  Mr. Winokur has a bachelor's degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a master's degree from The American University.