Board Member Biographies
Robert A. Duce, Chair is
presently University Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Texas A&M
University. From 1991 to 1997 he was Dean of the College of Geosciences at
Texas A&M. From 1987 to 1991 he was Dean of the Graduate School of
Oceanography and Vice Provost for Marine Affairs at the University of Rhode
Island. His research interests include the chemistry of the atmosphere and
ocean, focusing on the chemical cycles of pollutant and natural substances in
the global atmosphere, their transport from the continents and their deposition
to and impact on coastal and remote ocean regions. He has over 300 scientific
publications. He is the past President of SCOR (Scientific Committee on Oceanic
Research), the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric
Sciences, and the Oceanography Society, and he is past Chair of the U.N. Group
of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection. He has
been a member of the NRC Ocean Studies Board and Board on Atmospheric Sciences
and Climate. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Oceanography
Society, the American Meteorological Society, and the AAAS. He has chaired or
co-chaired a number of NRC committees and is a National Associate of the NRC. In 1990 he was awarded the Rosenstiel Award in Marine
and Atmospheric Chemistry. Dr. Duce earned a B.A. in
chemistry from Baylor University and a Ph.D. in inorganic and nuclear chemistry
from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
E. Virginia Armbrust is the Director and a Professor of Oceanography at the University of Washington. Dr. Armbrust earned her B. A. from Stanford University and her Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Her research focuses on marine phytoplankton, a group of microbes responsible for about 40% of the total amount of photosynthesis that occurs on our planet. These organisms play a critical role in the global carbon cycle and ultimately in the global climate. Her research addresses the response of marine microbial communities to changing environmental conditions, including changes in biodiversity. She combines physiology, genomic and computational approaches with instrument development to understand the distribution, capabilities and interactions among marine microbes. She heads the Center for Environmental Genomics at the University of Washington, which brings together researchers with expertise in oceanography, microbiology, genomics, engineering, and data visualization. She is a Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Investigator in Marine Microbiology and Fellow of AAAS and the American Society of Microbiology.
Claudia Benitez-Nelson currently serves as Director of the Marine Science Program and is a College of Arts & Sciences Distinguished Professor in the Department of Earth & Ocean Sciences at the University of South Carolina. Her research focuses on the biogeochemical cycling of phosphorus and carbon and how these elements are influenced by both natural and anthropogenic processes. She is a diverse scientist, with expertise ranging from radiochemistry to harmful algal bloom toxins. Over the past decade, Dr. Benitez-Nelson has authored or co-authored more than 75 papers. Her many research honours include the Early Career Award in Oceanography from the American Geophysical Union in 1996 and she was named a Rising Star at the University of South Carolina in 2010. She is also highly regarded as a teacher and mentor, having received the National Faculty of the Year Award from the National Society of Collegiate Scholars in 2005 and the University of South Carolina’s Mungo Teaching Award in 2006. Dr. Benitez-Nelson currently serves or has served as an elected Councillor of the Oceanography Society, an elected at-Large member of ASLO, as a member of the Advisory Committee to the Geoscience Directorate of NSF, the EPA Science Advisory Board, and the Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group. Dr. Benitez-Nelson earned a B.S. in chemistry and oceanography from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute/Massachusetts Institute of Technology Joint Program.
NAS Edward A. Boyle is a professor of Ocean Geochemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and MIT Director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography. His research interests include a focus on ocean trace metal chemistry in relation to biogeochemical cycling, anthropogenic inputs, and as a tool for understanding the geological history of the ocean. He has worked on lead and other anthropogenic trace metals in Greenland ice cores and on trace metals in estuaries. Dr. Boyle discovered that iron in the deep southwest Pacific derives from distant hydrothermal vents. Additionally, he has shown that cadmium in some species of benthic foraminifera tracks the cadmium content of the bottom water they grow in, and has applied this finding to sediment cores to trace past changes in ocean deepwater chemistry which are influenced by changing ocean circulation patterns and changes in biogeochemical cycling within the ocean, including mechanisms that influence atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and his National Research Council experience includes membership on the Ocean Studies Board from 2010 to 2015, the 2013 Alexander Agassiz Medal Selection Committee, and the Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for U.S. Ocean Research and the Marine Chemistry Study Panel. Dr. Boyle received his Ph.D. from the MIT/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Chemical Oceanography.
NAS Rita R. Colwell serves as the Chief Science Advisor of Gentag, Inc. Dr. Colwell is the Founder and a Director of CosmosID, Inc. Dr. Colwell serves as the President and Chief Executive Officer of CosmosID, Inc. She serves as Scientific Advisor of Avestha Gengraine Technologies Pvt. Ltd. She serves as the Senior Advisor and Chairman Emeritus of Canon U. S. Life Sciences, Inc. Dr. Colwell is Distinguished University Professor both at the University of Maryland ... at College Park and at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health and Chairman of Canon US Life Sciences, Inc. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world. She serves as a Trustee of J. Craig Venter Institute, Inc. She serves as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board of Avesthagen Limited. She served as the Member of Science Advisory Board at Climos, Inc. Dr. Colwell served as the 11th Director of the National Science Foundation from 1998 to 2004. In her capacity as NSF Director, she served as Co-chair of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council. One of her major interests include K-12 science and mathematics education, graduate science and engineering education and the increased participation of women and minorities in science and engineering. Dr. Colwell has held many advisory positions in the U.S. Government, nonprofit science policy organizations, and private foundations, as well as in the international scientific research community. She is a nationally-respected scientist and educator, and has authored or co-authored 16 books and more than 700 scientific publications. She produced the award-winning film, Invisible Seas, and has served on editorial boards of numerous scientific journals. Dr. Colwell has previously served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Academy of Microbiology and also as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Society for Microbiology, the Sigma Xi National Science Honorary Society, and the International Union of Microbiological Societies. Dr. Colwell is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, the Royal Society of Canada, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. Dr. Colwell holds a B.S. in Bacteriology and an M.S. in Genetics, from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington.
Sarah Cooksey is currently the Administrator of the Delaware Coastal Programs where she is responsible for both the coastal zone management program and the Delaware National Estuarine Research Reserve. She coordinates with federal, state and local governments on coastal resource issues such as tidal and freshwater wetlands, energy policy, non-point source pollution, coastal hazards, essential fish habitat, ocean planning, biodiversity, sustainable development, and dredging issues. Recent accomplishments include developing environmental indicators for the health of the coastal zone, and expanding public facilities and land holdings at the Reserve. Ms. Cooksey is on the executive council of the Coastal States Organization. CSO represents the Governors of thirty-five coastal states, island and territories on national, regional and local coastal management issues, particularly coastal legislation. She is past President of the Coastal States Stewardship Foundation, a 501(3) (c) formed to assist state governments with pressing coastal management issues and Chair of Management Board of MARCO – the Mid-Atlantic Regional Council of the Ocean – a five state initiative to focus on offshore issues related to renewable energy, water quality, habitat protection and climate change adaptation. Prior to her work in the State of Delaware she spent several years in EPA's Office of Water in Washington DC working with states on water issues. Sarah has a Master of Science degree in Biology and enjoys spending time at the beach with her husband and two sons, bird watching and gardening.
Cortis K. Cooper currently is a Fellow with Chevron Energy Technology Company, one of 22 Chevron scientists who advise corporate managers about science-related issues. Over his 30-yr career in the offshore Industry, he has focused on quantifying winds, waves, and currents that are used by engineers to operate and design offshore facilities at various locations around the world. His research has included the study of oil spill fates; modeling hurricane alleys in the Gulf of Mexico; forecasting the Loop Current and associated eddies in the Gulf of Mexico; modeling sea level in the Caspian Sea; measuring riverine and turbidity currents in the Congo Canyon; supervising the development of ocean current models in the Gulf of Mexico, W Africa, NE Atlantic and NW Australia; leading a 32-company joint industry project (JIP) to improve ocean towing; and leading a 24-company JIP to investigate the fate of oil and gas from deepwater blowouts. Dr. Cooper was a member of the 2003 National Research Council’s Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, the 2007 NRC review of the JSOST ocean research plan, and previously served as a member of the Ocean Studies Board from 1999 to 2001. He earned a Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the University of Maine in 1987, and a M.Sc. and B.S. in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977 and 1975, respectively.
Robert Hallberg is an Oceanographer and the Head of the Oceans and Ice-sheet Processes and Climate Group at NOAA’s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, and a Lecturer on the faculty of Princeton University. He has a 1995 Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington and a 1990 B.A. in Physics from the University of Chicago. He has spent many years developing isopycnal (density) coordinate ocean models to the point where they now are valuable tools for coupled climate studies, including extensive work on the robustness of the models’ numerical techniques, and on the development or incorporation of parameterizations of a wide range of physical processes. The isopycnal coordinate ocean model that Dr. Hallberg developed provides the physical ocean component of GFDL’s ESM2G comprehensive Earth System Model, which was used in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, and its dynamic core is the basis for version 6 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM6). Dr. Hallberg has used global-scale numerical ocean simulations to study topics as varied as the dynamics of Southern Ocean eddies and their role in the ocean’s response to climate, sources of steric sea level rise, and the fate of the deep plumes of methane and oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Dr. Hallberg has been actively involved in three ocean Climate Process Teams, studying Gravity Current Entrainment, Eddy-Mixed Layer Interactions, and Internal Wave Driven Mixing. These teams aim to improve the representation of these processes in climate-scale models, based on the best understanding that can be obtained from observations, process studies, and theory. He is currently working on coupling a dynamic ice-sheet and ice-shelf model with high resolution versions of GFDL’s coupled climate models for improved prediction of sea-level rise.
H. Tuba Özkan-Haller earned her B.S. in Civil Engineering at Boğaziçi University in Istanbul, Turkey, and her M.C.E. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering at the University of Delaware. After a 1-year postdoctoral fellowship with the University of Cantabria in Spain, she first joined the faculty of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering at the University of Michigan for 3 years before arriving at the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, where she is now an Associate Professor. Her interests include numerical, analytical, and laboratory investigations of the water and sediment motions in the nearshore ocean including the inner continental shelf, beaches, and inlets. She has helped develop and apply wave prediction and wave-induced surf zone circulation models, utilized these models to gain a better understanding of dominant processes, led laboratory studies aimed at validating the resulting models, and has also taken part in several related field studies. Recently, she has also conducted research into the potential effects of wave energy conversion devices on the surrounding wave field, and has gotten more interested in interdisciplinary research involving topics such as oxygen consumption in the nearshore ocean, larval transport, and societal issues related to coastal communities. She is the recipient of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Young Investigator Award, the Outstanding Faculty member Award at the University of Michigan, and the Patullo Award for Excellence in Teaching at Oregon State University.
David Halpern is a Senior Research Scientist at the NASA/California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He analyses satellite and in-situ observations to improve understanding of coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate phenomena, such as El Nino and La Nina, intertropical convergence zone, monsoon, and wind-driven ocean upwelling. He developed techniques to record in-situ observations of near-surface meteorological and upper-ocean circulation variables in both shallow and deep-sea environments. He is experienced in: ocean circulation and ocean-atmosphere interaction research (more than 300 publications with 50 single- or first-author peer-review papers); managing national and international programs; teaching graduate and undergraduate courses (Caltech, UCLA, UW); participating in numerous committees (20 as chair or co-chair, 9 as member of executive board, and 45 as member); and enjoying many at-sea adventures as chief scientist. Dr. Halpern had the privilege to serve in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and NASA's Earth Science Division. At OSTP, he co-founded the National Science and Technology Council Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology and Task Group on Global Earth Observations. One of his major interests is enhanced integrated global ocean and atmosphere observations and large-scale process-oriented experiments to improve the accuracy of predictions of the global integrated Earth system. Dr. Halpern was co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations Science and Technology Committee and currently serves as co-chair of the GEO Data Sharing Working Group. He served two terms on the NRC TOGA Panel. He was editor of Geophysical Research Letters and is editor of Eos. Currently, he represents the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites, serves on the JCOMM Task Team for Satellites, is chair of the COSPAR Task Group on GEO, and represents the United States in the United Nations Bureau for the World Ocean Assessment. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, California Academy of Sciences, and International Academy of Astronautics. Dr. Halpern received a B.Sc. honors degree in Geology and Physics from McGill University and a Ph.D. in physical oceanography from MIT.
Barbara A. Knuth is vice provost and dean at Cornell University. She is a professor in the Department of Natural Resources. She earned her Ph.D. in fisheries and wildlife science from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She is also Associate Director of the Human Dimensions Research Unit at Cornell University, focusing on (1) improving the understanding of human attitudes and behaviors related to natural resources and the environment; and (2) fostering the integration of social and ecological information in natural resources and environmental management decision-making processes. Her research focuses on risk perception, communication, and management focused on fisheries affected by chemical contaminants; community-based natural resource management approaches; and factors influencing human stewardship and use of natural resources, particularly fish and wildlife. Dr. Knuth is a former president of the American Fisheries Society and has served on many NRC committees, the Ocean Studies Board, and most recently the Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods.
George I. Matsumoto is a senior educational and research specialist at Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. He received his Ph.D. from UCLA and his research interest is open ocean and deep sea communities; ecology and biogeography of open ocean and deep sea organisms; functional morphology, and natural history and behavior. He manages several education and outreach programs including collaborations with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute¹s sister organization, the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Dr. Matsumoto served on the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Steering Committee and the 2000 NSF Committee of Visitors for Geoscience Education and is currently serving as a national advisory board member for the Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) and the Centers for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence (COSEE) as well as several regional nonprofit organizations. He also served as a member of the NRC committee for the Evaluation of the Sea Grant Program Review Process and the NRC committee examining NOAA's Education Program: Review and Critique.
Steven A. Murawski is Peter R. Betzer Endowed Chair of Biological Oceanography at the University of South Florida. He was previously the Director of Scientific Programs and Chief Science Advisor for NOAA Fisheries Service. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Dr. Murawski is a fisheries biologist and marine ecologist involved in understanding the impacts of human activities on the sustainability of ocean ecosystems. He has developed approaches for understanding the impacts of fishing on marine fish complexes exploited in mixed-species aggregations. His current areas of interest include understanding the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem in terms of multiple, simultaneous stressors through the application of integrated ecosystem assessments. Such assessments can help inform investments to rebuild the Gulf of Mexico from effects of the BP oil spill, loss of juvenile nursery areas, nutrient enrichment, overfishing and other factors. Dr. Murawski is Director of The Center for Integrated Modeling and Analysis of Gulf Ecosystem (C-Image) at USF.
NAE John A. Orcutt is a Distinguished Professor of Geophysics at Scripps Institution of oceanography. He has published more than 160 scientific papers and received the Ewing Medal from the USN and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 1994. He received the Newcomb-Cleveland Prize from the AAAS in 1983 and in 2007 he received the Marine Technology Society’s LockheedMartin Award for Ocean Science and Technology. He served as the President of the 65,000-member American Geophysical Union (AGU) from 2004-2006. He is a Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanography Chair. His research interests include the exploitation of information technology for the collection and processing of real-time environmental data as well as marine and continental seismology and geophysics. He is the Principal Investigator for the NSF MRE-FC Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) Cyberinfrastructure Implementing Organization. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2002 and the National Academy of Engineering in 2011. He received his Bachelors degree in mathematics and physics from Annapolis (1966), his M.Sc. in physical chemistry as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Liverpool (1968), and his Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (1976). He Chaired the NRC’s review of the NOAA Tsunami Warning System and the Ocean Panel of the Climate, Energy and National Security (CENS) Committee. He is also Chair of the MEDEA Ocean Panel and just completed a review of hydroacoustics monitoring by the UN’s Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in the Indian Ocean. He is a charter member of the NRC Ocean Studies Board and is the PI of a BP research institute at Scripps, which began in 2004.
Steven E. Ramberg is a Distinguished Research Fellow at the Center for Technology and National Security Policy at the National Defense University (NDU) on assignment from the Applied Research Laboratory of Penn State University. At NDU he occupies the Chief of Naval Research Chair where he provides analysis and advice on S&T topics and policies, primarily in areas of naval relevance. He also regularly participates in studies, panels and lectures for NDU, for the National Academy, for the National Ocean Council via ORRAP and for others. During his career, he served as a Fellow and as Vice President for Arete Associates during 2007 to 2010; as the Director of the NATO Undersea Research Centre (NURC) in LaSpezia, Italy from 2003 to 2007; and as Director and Chief Scientist for ONR during 2001-2003 after joining ONR in 1988. His career at ONR also involved oversight of ocean, atmosphere and space programs in basic research through applied programs (6.1-6.3) including the Navy-owned research vessels in the academic fleet as well as inaugurating the National Ocean Partnership Program (NOPP) across 12 federal agencies. At the NURC, he focused on maritime, mostly undersea, research programs while advising NATO in a number of informal and formal settings including research and technology strategies, coordination of programs among the 26 NATO Nations as well as transformation of NATO capabilities. Earlier, he worked at the Naval Research Laboratory where he published over 60 unclassified papers in the archival literature on fluid dynamics of bluff bodies, nonlinear ocean waves, stratified wakes, turbulence near a free surface and related remote sensing topics.
Andrew A. Rosenberg is Director of the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists. He was previously the Chief Scientist for Conservation International. He is on leave as the Professor of Natural Resources at the University of New Hampshire. He received his Ph.D. from Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Dr. Rosenberg explores marine sciences, marine policy, and fisheries in his research. As former Deputy Director of the National Marine Fisheries Service, Dr. Rosenberg was a key policy maker for that agency and served as a liaison to Congress, senior levels of the administration, resource management partners, and the public. Prior to the deputy director post, he served the National Marine Fisheries Service for ten years, where he was the Northeast Regional Administrator and Chief of Research Coordination in Maryland and Massachusetts. Most recently, Dr. Rosenberg served as a member of the President’s U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. Dr. Rosenberg was a member of the OSB committee for the 2006 report Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems.
Daniel L. Rudnick earned his Ph.D. in oceanography in 1987 from Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and his B.A. in physics at the University of California, San Diego. Dr. Rudnick is currently a professor and formerly Deputy Director of Education at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Dr. Rudnick is an observational oceanographer whose research focuses on processes in the upper ocean. Of particular interest are fronts and eddies, air-sea interaction, the stirring and mixing of physical and biological tracers, and the effect of oceanic structure on acoustic propagation. Dr. Rudnick is keenly interested in observational instrumentation, having been involved in the use and/or development of moorings, towed and underway profilers, and autonomous underwater gliders. Dr. Rudnick has sailed on over 25 oceanographic cruises, over half as chief scientist. Dr. Rudnick has authored over 60 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Rudnick currently a member of the Ocean Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences, and has served on various panels and committees for NSF, NOAA, and ONR. Dr. Rudnick was recently a member of the OSB committee for the 2011 report Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030.
Martin D. Smith is the Dan and Bunny Gabel Associate Professor of Environmental Economics at Duke University in the Nicholas School of the Environment and in the Department of Economics. He is chair of Duke’s Master of Environmental Management Program in Environmental Economics and Policy. Smith has a BA in Public Policy from Stanford University and a PhD in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis. Smith is the editor of the journal Marine Resource Economics, a member of the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council, and a past co-editor and current editorial board member of the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Smith studies the economics of marine and coastal resources with a focus on fisheries, marine ecosystems, and beaches. He has written on a range of policy-relevant topics, including economics of marine reserves, seasonal closures in fisheries, ecosystem-based management, catch shares, nutrient pollution, aquaculture, genetically modified foods, the global seafood trade, organic agriculture, and coastal responses to climate change. He is best known for identifying unintended consequences of marine and coastal policies that ignore human behavioral feedbacks. Smith’s methodological interests span micro-econometrics, optimal control theory, time series analysis, and numerical modeling of coupled human-natural systems. Smith’s published work appears in scholarly journals that span economics, general interest science, fisheries and marine science, and the geosciences. Smith has received national and international awards, including the Quality of Research Discovery from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Outstanding Article in Marine Resource Economics, and an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowship. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, and the Research Council of Norway.
Peter L. Tyack is Professor of Marine Mammal Biology at the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a Senior Scientist Emeritus at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He earned his Ph.D. in animal behavior from Rockefeller University in 1982. His research interests include social behavior and vocalizations of cetaceans, including vocal learning and mimicry in their natural communication systems and their responses to human noise. Dr. Tyack has served on several National Research Council panels that examined the effects of sound on marine mammals.
NAE Don Walsh is President of International Maritime Inc (IMI), an Oregon based consulting company. From 1950 to 1975 he was in the US Navy, retiring as a Captain. Seagoing service was in submarines, including command. Shore duty assignments were with ocean-related research and development programs. After Navy retirement he was a professor of ocean engineering at the University of Southern California and founding director (dean) of their Institute for Marine and Coastal Studies. After leaving USC he founded IMI which has completed consulting projects in 22 nations. Walsh has had over 200 papers and articles published, as well as edited five books on ocean-related subjects. Over the past 45 years, his lecturing activities have taken him to 64 nations where he has given more than 1,500 speeches, TV and radio appearances. Education was a BS from the Naval Academy in 1954; a Ph.D. and M.S. in oceanography from Texas A&M University, 1968 and 1967, and an MA in political science from San Diego State University in 1969. He served two three-year terms on the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere (NACOA) having been appointed by Presidents Carter and Reagan. He was appointed to the State Department’s Law of the Sea Advisory Committee and briefly participated in the Third UN Law of the Sea Conference. At the NRC, he served a three-year term as member of the Marine Board as well as on numerous study projects. Walsh’s research interests have been in underwater engineering design and operations; remote sensing oceanography and problems of the polar regions. In 1961 he was designated US Navy deep submersible pilot #1 when he had command of the Bathyscaph Trieste Program. Over the past half century he has been involved in a wide variety of deep ocean submersible projects. At Texas A&M he directed the Spacecraft Oceanography Program and working with NASA Houston, he helped pioneer many of the early uses of ocean remote sensing. He first went to the Arctic in 1955 and the Antarctic in 1971. He has made nearly 60 trips and expeditions into the polar regions, including five to the North Pole and one to the South Pole. In 2001, Don Walsh was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Dawn J. Wright is Chief Scientist of the Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI). She is on leave as Professor of Geography and Oceanography in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University. She earned an individual interdisciplinary Ph.D. in physical geography and marine geology from the University of California at Santa Barbara. Dr. Wright has authored or co-authored more than 85 articles and 5 books on marine geographic information systems, hydrothermal activity and tectonics of mid-ocean ridges, and marine data modeling and cyberinfrastructure. She has participated in over 20 oceanographic research expeditions worldwide, including 10 legs of the Ocean Drilling Program and 3 dives in the Alvin submersible. Her research currently focuses on coastal/ocean cyberinfrastructure, geographic information science, benthic terrain and habitat characterization, and the processing and interpretation of high- resolution bathymetry and underwater videography/photography. Dr. Wright is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and of Stanford University’s Aldo Leopold Leadership Program. In 2007 she was named U.S. Professor of the Year for the state of Oregon by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
James A. Yoder, a professor of oceanography and former associate dean at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, is Vice President for Academic Programs and Dean at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). A biological oceanographer, Yoder is well known in the oceanographic research community, having served as a researcher, professor and more recently as Director of the Division of Ocean Sciences at the National Science Foundation in Washington, DC from 2001 to 2004. He has worked at NASA headquarters, been a member of numerous national and international committees and panels on oceanographic research, taught graduate and undergraduate courses in oceanography at URI, and advised graduate students on their master’s and Ph.D. theses. James Yoder received a B.A. degree in botany from DePauw University in 1970, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in oceanography from the University of Rhode Island in 1974 and 1979, respectively. He joined the staff at the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography in Georgia in 1978, and from 1986 to 1988 was a visiting senior scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, working as a program manager in the ocean branch at NASA headquarters. He joined the faculty at the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) at URI in 1989 and was promoted to professor in 1992. He was named Associate Dean of Oceanography at GSO in 1993 and served in that capacity until 1998, with responsibilities for curriculum planning and delivery, admissions, recruitment, and graduate student affairs.