Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 103

Review of the Analysis of Supplemental Treatment Approaches of Low-Activity Waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Review #1 (2018)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management is responsible for cleaning up the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste from plutonium production stored in 177 large tanks at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. A waste treatment plant under construction will have the capacity to convert all of the high-level radioactive waste and at least one-third of the low-activity radioactive waste into a glass form for long-term storage... More >>

Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging (2016)

The report examines the production and utilization of molybdenum-99 and associated medical isotopes used in medical imaging. It also assesses progress made toward eliminating highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the targets used to produce molybdenum-99 production and promoting the utilization of molybdenum-99 from non-HEU sources. The report was mandated by the American Medical Isotopes Production Act of 2012 and it is the second of the tw... More >>

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants: Phase 2 (2016)

The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident should serve as a wake-up call to nuclear plant operators and regulators on the critical importance of measuring, maintaining, and restoring cooling in spent fuel pools during severe accidents and terrorist attacks. This final phase of a 2-part study on lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident provides findings and recommendations for improving U.S. nuclear plant security and spen... More >>

Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors (2016)

Since 1978, U.S. policy and programs have sought to minimize or phase out the use of highly enriched uranium fuel in civilian research and test reactors around the world to prevent the misuse of the fuel to make nuclear weapons. Despite some progress, converting the remaining research reactors to less proliferation-prone low enriched uranium fuel has proven to be a slow process. This report identifies successes and challenges that remain in th... More >>

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 2 Pilot Planning (2015)

This brief report provides an expert committee's advice to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) about general methodological considerations for carrying out a pilot study of cancer risks near seven nuclear facilities in the United States. The pilot study, which was a recommendation of a previous NAS report, aims to evaluate the technical feasibility of implementing two study designs described in that same report for carrying out a nationwid... More >>