Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 106

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment (2014)

The risk of a serious oil spill in the arctic is escalating due to potential increases in shipping traffic and oil and gas activities. To provide an effective response effort in challenging Arctic conditions--and minimize impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems--a full range of oil spill response technologies is needed. This report assesses the current state of science and engineering regarding oil spill response in Arctic waters an... More >>

Report in Brief

A Review of Genwest's Final Report on Effective Daily Recovery Capacity (EDRC): A Letter Report (2013)

Produced at the request of the U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE), this letter report reviews a report by Genwest Systems, Inc., that presents a new approach for estimating the efficiency of oil skimmers when preparing oil spill response plans. The National Research Council committee found the new approach -- called the Estimated Recovery System Potential (ERSP) -- to be sound and a good basis fo... More >>

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States (2013)

Fish stock rebuilding plans have proven successful in reducing fishing pressure on many overfished stocks, and stock sizes have generally increased. However, in some cases fisheries have not rebuilt as quickly as the plans projected, due to factors such as overestimation of the size of stocks and incidental catch by fisheries targeting other species. Even when fishing is reduced appropriately for the actual stock size, the rate at whic... More >>

Report in Brief

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico (2013)

As the Gulf of Mexico recovers from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, natural resource managers face the challenge of fully understanding the impacts of the spill and setting priorities for restoration work. The full value of losses resulting from the spill cannot be captured, however, without consideration of changes in ecosystem services--the benefits delivered to society through natural processes. The use of an ecosystem services approach t... More >>

Report in Brief

An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments (2013)

Increasing renewable energy development, both within the United States and abroad, has rekindled interest in the potential for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) resources to contribute to electricity generation. These resources derive from ocean tides, waves, and currents; temperature gradients in the ocean; and free-flowing rivers and streams. One measure of the interest in the possible use of these resources for electricity generation is th... More >>