Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 110

Review of the Marine Recreational Information Program (2017)

Recreational fishing is a popular activity in the United States. Although individual anglers generally take small numbers of fish, collectively, the large number of anglers can have a substantial impact on fish populations. For some species, the impact of recreational catch even exceeds the amount taken by the commercial sector. To collect information on fishing catch, the National Marine Fisheries Service started a survey program in 1979... More >>

Report in Brief

Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals (2016)

Marine mammals face many natural and human stressors that can harm populations. Progress has been made in understanding the response of marine mammals to noise, but estimating risks to marine mammal populations requires understanding how the full array of stressors interact. This report offers a conceptual framework and research strategies to improve the ability to assess cumulative stressors to marine mammal populations and identify whic... More >>

Report in Brief

Effective Monitoring to Evaluate Ecological Restoration in the Gulf of Mexico (2016)

A tremendous number of restoration projects are planned and underway in the Gulf of Mexico to help mitigate damage done by the 2010 Macondo Well Deepwater Horizon oil spill. In order to ensure that restoration goals are met and money is well spent, restoration monitoring and evaluation should be an integral part of those projects. However, evaluations of past restoration efforts have shown that monitoring is often inadequate or even absent.... More >>

Report in Brief

Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts (2016)

Extending weather and ocean forecasts to predict Earth system conditions weeks to months in advance will help decision makers plan ahead to save lives, protect property, and increase economic vitality -- but, currently, the accuracy, skill, and scope of such extended forecasts is limited. This report presents the vision that, in the next decade, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts (those made two weeks to 12 months in advance) will be as widel... More >>

Report in Brief

Sea Change: 2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences (2015)

From monitoring coastal sea level rise to exploring subseafloor microbial communities, there has been a remarkable surge in understanding the ocean and its processes. This report presents eight strategic research priorities for 2015-2025 that will continue to advance ocean science knowledge. The report assesses the infrastructure needed to support this research, and makes recommendations for aligning current and planned infrastructure and budget... More >>