Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

Read more about National Academies reports >>

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 1 - 5 of 107

Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts (2016)

Extending weather and ocean forecasts to predict Earth system conditions weeks to months in advance will help decision makers plan ahead to save lives, protect property, and increase economic vitality -- but, currently, the accuracy, skill, and scope of such extended forecasts is limited. This report presents the vision that, in the next decade, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts (those made two weeks to 12 months in advance) will be as widel... More >>

Report in Brief

Sea Change: 2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences (2015)

From monitoring coastal sea level rise to exploring subseafloor microbial communities, there has been a remarkable surge in understanding the ocean and its processes. This report presents eight strategic research priorities for 2015-2025 that will continue to advance ocean science knowledge. The report assesses the infrastructure needed to support this research, and makes recommendations for aligning current and planned infrastructure and budget... More >>

Enhancing the Value and Sustainability of Field Stations and Marine Laboratories in the 21st Century (2014)

Amid rapid environmental change, a strong understanding of the natural world is more important than ever. Field stations and marine laboratories place scientists on the front lines of our changing Earth, helping them gather the data needed to better understand shifting climate and ecosystems and make robust projections of future conditions. Field stations are a critical component of our scientific infrastructure that bring the basic tools o... More >>

Report in Brief

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment (2014)

The risk of a serious oil spill in the arctic is escalating due to potential increases in shipping traffic and oil and gas activities. To provide an effective response effort in challenging Arctic conditions--and minimize impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems--a full range of oil spill response technologies is needed. This report assesses the current state of science and engineering regarding oil spill response in Arctic waters an... More >>

Report in Brief

A Review of Genwest's Final Report on Effective Daily Recovery Capacity (EDRC): A Letter Report (2013)

Produced at the request of the U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE), this letter report reviews a report by Genwest Systems, Inc., that presents a new approach for estimating the efficiency of oil skimmers when preparing oil spill response plans. The National Research Council committee found the new approach -- called the Estimated Recovery System Potential (ERSP) -- to be sound and a good basis fo... More >>