Water: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 853

A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives (2014)

Concerns about the health and environmental impacts associated with some chemical products and processes have motivated a growing number of national, state, and local governments, manufacturers, and retailers to develop assessments and approaches for finding safer chemical substitutes. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users o... More >>

Report in Brief

Sustainability Concepts in Decision-Making: Tools and Approaches for the US Environmental Protection Agency (2014)

Population growth, climate change, and greater consumption of natural resources are just a few of the challenges the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) faces in pursuing its mission to protect human health and the environment. The agency has increasingly embraced the use of sustainability tools and approaches for considering the potential social, environmental, and economic effects of agency decisions and actions. This report identifie... More >>

Report in Brief

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program (2014)

With its mission to fund research to tackle the most important challenges facing agriculture and food production -- from climate change to population growth -- the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program plays a critical role in the U.S. research and development portfolio. This report examines the quality and value of research funded by the AFRI program, the prospects of the program's success in achieving established goal... More >>

Rethinking the Components, Coordination, and Management of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Laboratories (2014)

As an agency with the mission and regulatory responsibility to protect human health and the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires substantial high-quality in-house scientific expertise and laboratory capabilities so that it can answer questions related to regulation, enforcement, and environmental effects of specific chemicals, activities, and processes. EPA’s laboratory system consists of a distributed network o... More >>

Review of the Formaldehyde Assessment in the National Toxicology Program 12th Report on Carcinogens (2014)

In 1981, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed formaldehyde in the 2nd Report on Carcinogens (RoC) as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In 2011, NTP upgraded the listing of formaldehyde in the 12th RoC to "known to be a human carcinogen." Following the new listing, Congress directed the Department of Health and Human Services to arrange for the National Academy of Sciences to independently review formaldehyde’s substanc... More >>

Report in Brief