Water: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 863

Affordability of National Flood Insurance Program Premiums: Report 1 (2015)

Established in 1968, the National Flood Insurance Program is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and offers flood insurance policies to property owners. As part of efforts to keep premiums low, nearly 20 percent of the 5.5 million National Flood Insurance Program policies nationwide pay subsidized premiums. In the catastrophic loss year of 2005, following Hurricane Katrina and subsequent storms, the program was drive... More >>

Report in Brief

Industrialization of Biology: A Roadmap to Accelerate the Advanced Manufacturing of Chemicals (2015)

A growing number of chemicals used in the manufacture of consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, and other products are being produced using biological systems -- the so called "industrialization of biology." Taking advantage of advancing knowledge of synthetic biology, bio-based chemicals can be cheaper and more environmentally sustainable than those produced through traditional chemical synthesis. For some complex chemicals, like pharmaceuticals o... More >>

Review of the Edwards Aquifer Habitat Conservation Plan: Report 1 (2015)

The Edwards Aquifer is the primary source of water for drinking and irrigation in the San Antonio area, and supplies the two largest freshwater springs in Texas, Comal Springs and San Marcos Springs. Both springs are used for recreation and are home to several species of fish, amphibians, insects, and plants found nowhere else. Seven Edwards Aquifer species are on the federal Endangered Species List because they are vulnerable to reduced sprin... More >>

Report in Brief

Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (2015)

Climate intervention is no substitute for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and adaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change. This report assesses the potential impacts, benefits, an... More >>

Report in Brief

Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth (2015)

Climate intervention is no substitute for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and adaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change. This report assesses the potential impacts, benefits, an... More >>

Report in Brief